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MAY/JUNE 1994 


Dirk Koning, Chair 
Deb Vinsel, Information Services Chair 
Bob Devine, Heidi Mau, 
Vel Wiley 


Tim Goodwin, Dirk Koning, Heidi Mau 


Tim Goodwin 


Sue Fitzgerald, John llaafke 


Barry 1 orbes, Executive Director 
Kelly Matthews, Operations Assistant 


Anthony Riddle, Chairperson 
Julie S. Omelchuck, Vice Chairperson 
Kari Peterson, Secretary 
Carl Kucharski, Treasurer 
Marilyn Ackerman, Fiona Boneham, Pamela Brown, 
Alan Bushong, Paul Congo, Sue Diciple, Ann Flynn, 
Hap Haasch, James Fforwood, Paul LeValley, Anne 
Mitchell, Sharon Mooney, Penelope Place, Nantz 
Rickard, Richard Turner, GregVawter, Deborah Vinsel, 
David Vogel, LaMontc Ward, Rika Welsh, Rob Wilson 



Community Media Review [rSSN 1074-9004] is pub- 
lished bi-monthly by the .Alliance for Community Media, 
Inc. (formerly the National Federation of Local Cable 
Programmers) Subscriptions $25 a year for six issues, 
Send subscriptions, memberships, address changes and 
inquiries lo die Alliance for Community Media, 666 11th 
St, NW, Suite 806, Washington, DC 20001-4542. Phone 
202/393-2650 • Fax 202/393-2653. 

Addtess editorial and advertising inquiries to 
Community Media Review, 15 Ionia SW, Suite 201, Grand 
Rapids, MI 49503-4113. Phone 616/454-6663 • Fax 

Bulk orders for additional copies considered individu- 
ally. Contact the national office for information on rales 
and delivery. 

© 1994 by the Alliance for Community Media, Inc. 
(formerly the National Federation of Local Cable 
Programmers). Prior written permission of the Alliance 
for Community Media required for all reprints or usage. 

Produced through the studios of City Media, Inc. 

In this Is sue 

Profiles in Community Media 


From the Chair, Anthony Riddle 3 / Alliance Testifies on Behalf of 
S.2195 3 / Barry Forbes Named Alliance Executive Director 5 / 
CMRD Coming Soon 5 / Labor Access Survey 5 / Suggested 
Reading 5 / Hometown Festival 5 / Board of Directors, SIGs 6 

Profiles in Community Media 

Plugging into New Outlets 7 / Alliance for Community Media; 
Alliance for Communications Democracy 9 / Association of 
Independent Video & Filmmakers; World Association of 
Community Radio Broadcasters 10 / Center for Media Education; 
Center for Media Literacy 11 / Computer Professionals for Social 
Responsibility, Deep Dish Television Network 12 / Electronic 
Frontier Foundation; Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting 13 / 
Independent Television Service; Media Alliance 14 / Media 
Democracy in Action; Media Network 15 / Media Working Group; 
National Alliance for Media Arts & Culture 16 / National 
Association of Telecommunications Officers & Advisors; National 
Federation of Community Broadcasters 17 / National Telemedia 
Council; Paper Tiger Television 18 / Union for Democratic 
Communications; Videazimut 19 / The Benton Foundation 20 / 
The John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation 21 / National 
Telecommunications & Information Administration 22 / Directory 
of Community Media Profiles 24 

From the Files 

Community Television in the United States, a Review 25 / 
Fear and Loathing at NAB with Erik Mollberg 21 / Office of 
Technology Assessment Issues Report on Nil 27 

Cover rendering: John Haafke Photographies, Inc. 

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The Glasnost Booth 

By Anthony Riddle 

I recently had the fortune to attend a con- 
ference at the Aspen Institute in the 
woods off Chesapeake Bay, Maryland. It 
was formally called, the Working Group on 
Radio and Television Autonomy and the 
State. It was sponsored by the Carter 
Presidential Center and the Markel 
Foundation. The working group brought 
together high level representatives from all 
manner of experts on media: from CNN, to 
the BBC, from University professors to foun- 
dation fellows, from WBLS in Harlem to the 
CPB to the American Association of 
Advertising Agencies. Together we met with 
our counterparts from the Newly 
independent States of the former Soviet 

They have the task - the opportunity - to 
totally redefine the relationships of media 
and power and the community. And I had the 
opportunity to race into this relative vacuum, 
to force a shift in perspective before the con- 
crete set solid. It was not easy, but I am, as 
you are, a missionary on a mission. 

Problem One is, the Soviets are in awe of 
the technical capability of our broadcast sys- 
tems. There is an element of shattered ego, a 
need to look beautiful before the world. And 
western broadcast media has determined the 
values of the beauty contest. 

Problem Two is that our major program 
producers and our advertisers are also racing 
into the breach to provide them with cultural 
models via programs and insisting to them 
that a better life for their people can be theirs 
if they wilt just open their minds to our com- 

Everything was top-down communica- 
tions. They were on the verge of creating a 
media system which substituted the rule of 
profit for the rule of the Politburo. Central, 
powerful, unapproachable. Talk about, cen- 
tral control. . .they came from a situation in 
which all broadcast communications passed 
through one room and were connected to a 
switch by which an unseen hand could m ake 
all the TV screens go blank at once! 

I was something of a nuisance. I empha- 
sized that if they never wanted to go back to 
this again, they needed two things: A people 
who had the means to create their own pro- 
gramming and a decentralized, redundant 
means to distribute that programming to 
each other and the world. Twenty-five differ- 
ent ways 1 said that. Yet, it was hard to pull so 

many people in such a new direction. 

Then something amazing happened. They j 
showed a tape of experiments in freedom 
they had tried. It seems they had little money 
for production, so they set up a camera in a 
booth in Kiev at the site of a demonstration. 
People, ordinary Russians would walk into 
this darkened booth. A light would come on. 
The camera would roll tape. They would talk 
about anything: The Bible, loss of a loved 
one, love of the Czar, graft in government 
Two kids came in and complained that 
before Perestroika, their parents would give 
them a Ruble and the two of them could go to 
a movie and buy a candy and drink, but that 
now a Ruble was worthless. "You must think 
of the children!," the taller one cried, "Have 
mercy on the kids, we are bored!" 

And I jumped up laughing and cried out, 
"This is what 1 mean! This is Access! Let the 
people speak. Let them know freedom with- 
out fear. Let them hear each other. Bring us 
the tapes and let us hear them without a nar- 

Decades ago, Aldus Huxley stated, in a fore- 
word to his book Brave New World, "To deal 
with confusion, power has been centralized 
and government control increased. It is prob- 
able that all the world's governments will be 
more or less completely totalitarian before 
the harnessing of atomic energy; that they 
will be totalitarian after the harnessing seems 
almost certain. Only a large-scale popular 
movement toward decentralization . . can 
arrest the present tendency . . At present 
there is no sign such a movement will take 


That we in the access community represent 
such a counterbalancing movement is with- 
out a doubt. We give a free-thinking people 
the means to speak for themselves. We pro- 
vide the means for them to define the world 
in their own terms, rather than those of oth- 
erwise who would control them. It is not a 
philosophy of the Left or Right, but a philoso- 
phy of Freedom which we protect. 

In this sense, we protect the First 
Amendment with the spirit of the Second: A 
well-regulated militia, being necessary to the 
security of a free State, the right of the people 
to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed. 
Our militia is community. Their arms are 
cameras, cable access channels, a free press, 
computer networks and, most importantly, 
the ability to define their world in their own 
terms. This is the first means, the true means 
by which Americans and other free people in 
the world protect their freedom. And we must 
be steadfast in our defense of these tools. 

In a conversation towards the end of the 
meeting, several working group members 
had seriously proposed that one of the best 
immediate actions we could take would be to 
scatter 3000 camcorders into the hands of cit- 
izens of the Newly Independent States. 
Htnmmm. . 

Anthony Riddle is chair of the Alliance for 
Community Media. He is executive director of 
the Minneapolis Television Network, 125 SE 
Main St., Minneapolis, MN 55414. 
Telephone 61 2/331-8576, fax 6 1 2133 1 -85 78, 
email mtn@MR.NET 

Alliance Testifies on Behalf of Senate Bill 2195 

The following outline is a summary of testimony delivered June 22, 1994, by Alliance 
_ for Community Media Chair Tony Riddle, on Senate Bill 2195, "The National Public 
Telecommunications Infrastructure Act of 1994," before the United States Senate 
Communications Subcommittee of the Committee on Commerce, Science and 

You can find ASCII text of the Alliance's testimony in the file section of die Alliance BBS. 
"BILL.TES" is the file name. To connect, set your computer's modem to 300, 1200, or 2400 
baud, 8 bits, 1 stop bit, no parity, and call 217/359-9118. 

The Track Record: 20 Years of Community Speech 

>■ Over 1,2 million people volunteer at the 3,000 public, educational and governmental 
(PEG) access centers represented by the Alliance for Community Media. 

> Community groups and individuals produce over 20,000 hours of new programs on 
cable television each week, more than the output of alt broadcasters combined. 

Diverse Programs through Access Center Training and Outreach 

> African Americans, seniors and youth provide programming, along with diverse lan- 
guage communities including Spanish, Vietnamese, Farsi and Portuguese, 

> In Chicago, over 2,000 non-profit groups from HIV/AIDS education groups to school 
reform organizations have used access channels. There are 8,000 non-profits in Chicago, 

continued on paga 8 

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CMRD Coming Soon 

Publication of the new 
Community Media Reso urce 
Directory has been backed up to 
this fall lo allow greater participa- 
tion from the hundreds of organi- 
zations who received surveys. 

Funded by a grant from the 
MacArthur Foundation, the direc- 
tory is an updated and restruc- 
tured version of the Alliance 's 
popular Cable Programming 
Resource Directory, last published 
in 1987. 

The new directory will offer 
extensive reference for commu- 
nity media users, access produc- 
ers, nonprofits, telecommuni- 
cation regulators and policy mak- 
ers. A major aspect of the project 
will be the creation of an elec- 
tronic database for retrieval and 

Those organizations still hold 
ing surveys are asked to respond 
as quickly as possible to be 
included in the directory. 

Labor Access Survey 

Longtime access producer and 
supporter Sally Alvarez, currently 
on the faculty of Bennett College 
in Greensboro, NC, is conducting 
a survey about the use of cable 
access by the labor movement. 

If you are involved in labor pro- 
gramming of any kind, past or 
present, in any capacity, and have 
not already been sent a survey, 
please contact Sally before August 
15. The survey oniy takes a few 
minutes to complete, and the 
results could benefit both the 
labor movement and access. 
Contact her at 612 Whittier Dr., 
Greensboro, NC 27403. Telephone 

Suggested Reading 

The Spring 1994 issue of the Phi 
Kappa Phi Journal includes two 
articles on the so called 
"Information Superhighway" 
which everyone in access should 
read. Volume XXIV, No. 2 of their 
"National Forum" has an article 
by Congressman Rick Boucher 
(D-VA) and another by 
Professor/Author Herb Schiller 
offering different views on the 
recent legislative turns of this 

Representative Boucher points 
out several potentials of the 

Barry Forbes Named Alliance Executive Director 

Barry Forbes has been named Executive Director of the 
Alliance for Community Media. The national board of 
directors selected him at its May 20 meeting in Washington, 
DC. He succeeds T. Andrew Lewis. 

Barry has combined a professional career in public broadcasting 
with community activism in public service. He began a professional 
fundraising career in 1979 at public television and radio station 
WGBH in Boston, then raised funds for WMFE-TV/FM in Orlando 
and WAMU-FM in Washington, DC. He served as fundraising and 
management consultant for over 150 public radio stations at the 
non-profit Development Exchange beginning in 1988, became 
General Manager of Pacifica Foundation's Houston station KPFT in 
1992, and created Paciflca's computer and satellite Interconnection 
Project in 1994. 

His experience in public broadcasting lead to his election as a 
member of the Board of Directors of the National Federation of 
Community Broadcasters and to his participation as a Technical 
Reader for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting's Station 
Development Fund grant program for the past three years. 

Barry has been active on the boards of the Central Florida and 
Washington, DC. chapters of the National Society of Fund Raising 
Executives; served as the founding president of the Fairfax Lesbian 
and Gay Citizens Association; became a district finance chair for the 
Fairfax County Democratic Committee; served as founder, execu- 
tive producer and host of an award- winning weekly gay access TV 
show; and was an active hoard member of the Fairfax Cable Access 

He is a graduate of Colgate University and attended Rollins 
College of the Crummer Graduate School of Business. 

"I come to the Alliance with four 
lessons learned from my experience 
both in community mediaandata 
national membership organization. 
First, we must stay close to the needs 
and concerns of our members. Second, 
building bridges - rather than walls - 
between people and other organiza- 
tions is the only way to survive and 
thrive. Third, we must evolve with our 
changing world - or we will wither 
away. And fourth, if you don't enjoy 
your work- why the hell bother. . . ?" 

national information infrastruc- 
ture and touts his bill to hurry its 
development. Professor Schiller 
points out the lack of considera- 
tion given to public interest needs 
as our federal government pre- 
pares to dole out our national 
telecommunications resources to 
the highest corporate bidders. 

The Role of 
in Hate Crimes 

A Report to Congress by the 
National Telecommunications 
and Information Administration 
earlier this year details the role of 
telecommunications in hate 
crimes and includes discussion of 
public access channels. 

The report endorses the belief 
that more speech, not less, is 
preferable to increased govern- 
ment restrictions. 

The 58-page report is available 
for $19.50. Call NTIA as 800/553- 
6847 for more information. 
Publication number is PB 94- 

Hometown Video Finalists 
Hail from 193 Cities 

New York City lead all commu- 
nities in Hometown Video Festival 
finalists this year, claiming 15 
finalists from among 434 repre- 
senting 193 cities in 33 states and 
four Canadian provinces. 

Now in its 17th year, the 
Alliance's Hometown Festival is 
the largest awards competition 
honoring locally produced pro- 
grams in the country. 

Other cities contending for the 
distinction were Cincinnati, 11; 
Tucson, 11; Toronto, 11; Clear- 
water, FL, 10; Germantown, TN, 9; 
Washington, DC, 9; Fairfax, VA, 8; 
and Lawrence, MA, 8. 

California lead all states with 60 
finalists from 31 cities, followed 
by Massachusetts 

with 58 from 30 cities, and New 
York with 39 from 15 cities. A total 
of 1,800 entries were received. 

Finalists were selected in 37 cat- 
egories by 32 preliminary judging 
sites around the country, Final 
judging was held in Boston, MA. 

Hometown winners will be 
announced and awards presented 
at an Awards Ceremony during 
the International Conference and 
Trade Show of the Alliance, July 
21 in Honolulu. 

Sustaining sponsors of the 1994 
Hometown Video Festival include 
Bravo, Multichannel News, 
Cahlevision magazine, and Cable 
World magazine. 

Category sponsors include 
Cablevision Systems Corporation, 
The Discovery Channel, 3M Audio 
and Video Markets Division, and 
the Weather 

CMR • 5 


Treasurer, At-Large 

Anthony Riddle Chair, At-Large 

Executive Director, Minneapolis Television Network 
125 SE Main Street 
Minneapolis, MN 55414 

612/331-8576 612/331-8578 fax 

Julie S. Omelchuck Vice-Chair, At-Large 

Program Manager, Consolidated Cable 
Communications Commission 
1 120 SWFifth Ave., Room 1021 
Portland, OR 97204 

503/823-4188 503/823-5370 fax 

Kari Peterson Secretary, At-Large 

Executive Director, Davis Community Television 
1623 5th Street, Suite A 
Davis, CA 95616 

916/757-2419 9 16/ 757-2523 fax 

Carl Kucharski 

195 E. 5th Street, #1001 
St. Paul, MN 55101 
612/293-0429 voice/fax 


Marilyn Ackerman Far West Regional Chair 

Director, Access Los Altos 

Foothill College TV Center, 12345 El Monte Rd. 

Los Altos, CA 94022 

415/949-7078 415/949-7375 fax 

Pamela O. Brown Midwest Regional Chair 

22 West 500 Tamarack Drive 
GlenEUyn, IL 60137 

708/469-1704 708/858-8100 fax 

Paul Congo Southwest Regional Chair 

Executive Director, Austin Community TV 
1143 Northwestern 
Austin, TX 78702 

512/478-8600 512/478-9438 fax 

Ann Flynn Southeast Regional Chair 

Tampa Educational Cable Consortium 
703 North Willow Ave. 
Tampa, FL 33606 

813/254-2253 813/253-3267 fax 

PaulLeValley Mid-Atlantic Chair 

Executive Director, Arlington Community TV 
3401 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 300 
Arlington, VA 22201 

703/524-2388 703/908-9239 fax 

Anne Mitchell Northwest Regional Chair 

Educational Programming Director, 
Multnomah Community Television 
26000 SE Stark 
Gresham, OR 97030 

503/667-7636 503/667-7417 fax 

Penelope Place Mountain States Reg. Chair 

Executive Director, Santa Fe Public Access 

Santa Fe Community College 

So. Richards Ave. 

Santa Fe, NM 87502-4187 

505/438-1321 505/438-1237 fax 

Greg Vawter Central States Regional Chair 

Executive Director 
Waycross Community Television 
2086 Waycross Road 
Forest Park, OH 45240 

513/825-2429 513/825-2745 fax 

Rika Welsh Northeast Regional Chair 

Executive Director, MATV 
145 Pleasant St. 
Maiden, MA 02148 

617/321-6400 617/321-7121 fax 

6 • CTR 


Alan Bushong Public Policy 

Executive Director, Capital Community Television 
585 Liberty Street, SE 
Salem, OR 97301 

503/588-2288 503/588-6055 fax 

Nantz Rickard International 

Deputy Director, DCTV 
1400 20th Street NW, Suite G2 
Washington, DC 20036 

202/659-6260 202/296-8334 fax 

Deb Vinsel Information Services 

Executive Director 
Thurston Community Television 
2940 Limited Lane 
Olympia.WA 98502 

206/956-3 100 206 /357-2S94 fax 

Hap Haasch Organizational Development 

Cable Communications Director 
Ann Arbor Community Access TV 
107 North 5th Ave. 
Ann Arbor, Ml 48107 

313/994-1833 313/994-8731 fax 


lames Horwood 

Spiegel & McDiarmid 
1350 New York Ave. NW, SuitellOO 
Washington, DC 20005 

Legal Affairs 


202/393-2866 fax 

Sue Diciple Strategic Planning 

President, Management Resources 
10011 SE Division, Suite 205 
Portland, OR 97266 

503/253-3436 503/253-0020 fax 

LaMonte Ward Equal Opportunity 

Administrative Director 

Tucson Community Cable Corporation 

124 E. Broadway, Tucson, AZ 85701 

602/624-9833 " 602/792-2565 fax 


Fiona Boneham 

Grassroots Committee Chair, At-Large 

480 6th Avenue 
Brooklyn, NY 11215 

718/768-5999 718/768-5999 fax 

Sharon Mooney At-Large 
Executive Director, Buffalo Cable Access Media 
101 LaSalle Avenue 
Buffalo, NY 142 14- 1494 
Fernando Moreno 
Executive Director, Quote 
1905 LomasNW 

716/838-0221 fax 


505/243-5883 fax 

Albuquerque, NM 87104 

Richard D.Turner 

Executive Director, Oleic 
960 Mapunapuna Street 
Honolulu, HI 96819 

808/834-0007, ext. 1714 808/834-0007, ext. 1730 fax 


Barry Forbes Executive Director 

Alliance for Community Media 

666- 11th St. NW, Suite 806 

Washington, D.C. 20001-4542 

202/393-2650 202/393-2653 fax 

Barrybbbb@aol. com 

Special Interest Groups 

Special Interest Groups (SIGs) are organized 
by members sharing a common interest and 
desire to establish a network to communicate 
within and outside the Alliance, 

Educational Access 

Alice French 

1323 East 24th Street 
Lubbock, TX 79404 


806/766-1312 fax 


Chuck Peterson 

50 Library Plaza NE 
Grand Rapids, MI 49503 


616/459-3970 fax 

Government Access 

Robert Hardy 

City of Iowa City 

410E. Washington Street 

Iowa City, IA 52240 



Tom Taylor 

c/o Senior Video Project 
PO Box 29082 
Portland, OR 97229 

Small Access Centers 
Greg Epler Wood 
PO Box 871 

North Bennington, VT 05257 

Independent Producers 

(Surveying interest) 
Jan Zacharias 
10004 Vanguard Dr. 
Sacramento, CA 95827 

Accessing the Alliance 

Jobline. For access jobs across America, call 

Bulletin Board. To connect, call 217/359-9118, 
and set your computer's modem to 300, 1200 or 
2400 baud, 8 bits, 1 stop bit, no parity. 

National Office, Call 202/393-2650, fax 
202/393-2653, or write the Alliance at 666 11th St. 
NW, Suite 806, Washington, DC 20001-4542. 

Address Changes. Please contact the national 
office at tire address above for membership or CTR 
subscription address changes. 

Community Television Review. Advertising 
and editorial, cali 616/454-6663, fax 616/454-6698, 
or write CTR, 15 Ionia SW, Suite 201, Grand 
Rapids, MI 49503-41 13. 

This edition of CMR is devoted to those practitioners working to empower 
communities with access to media. As you will discover, Alliance members 
are not alone out 'there'. As we changed our name to the Alliance for 
Community Media and this journal to Community Media Review, we thought it 
only fitting that we zoom out and take a look at who our neighbors-in-spirit are. 
Several scores of surveys were sent out to 
like minded groups and inside you will find 
all the responses we received. Obviously we 
have missed some folks. Don't despair. We 
want to know who you are and encourage 
you to contact us for the survey and pro- 
vide the details for future inclusion. For 
those who simply couldn't find the time to 
respond, we still want your info too. These 
are invigorating times as dozens of groups 
are coming together around legislation 
attempting to set aside 'public access 
lanes' on the information superhighway. 
Perhaps the sweet irony of this technologi- 
cal convergence is the concurrent conver- 
gence of people and organizations united 
in the common cause of democratic com- 
munication. This unity surrounding the 
National Information Infrastructure will 
hopefully carry over into ongoing commu- 
nity projects. Not only is the digital convergence of technology forcing us into the 
same bed, but the undercurrent of civic action, social space and media literacy 
challenges us to cooperate and communicate. As you consider the evolution from 
cable access to media access to community communication centers, we hope you 
will rub shoulders and minds with fellow travelers. 

-DirkKoning, Tim Goodwin, Heidi Man 




Volunteers are wanted to produce segments for this 
national award winning show. 

This video magazine features the stories and successes of 
people with developmental challenges such as mental retardation 
cerebral palsy and autism. 

For more information call or write: 
(312) 2X2-2207 

Winner of National Education Film and Video festival Silver Apple 
ACE Award Nominee 
Intercom Video Festival Gold Plaque Award 



Austin Community Television, Inc. 

ACTV, Inc. seeks General Manager of operations for 
its public access television facility. The person 
appointed will be responsible for physical plant man- 
agement, television production resources, a staff of 
23, a budget of over $700,000 which is dedicated to 
providing outreach, training and resource utilization 
for maximum community involvement in media com- 
munications. Must have proven ability to form and 
lead effective teams; must build strong coalitions with 
producers, community groups, nonprofit organiza- 
tions and individuals; must be adept at analyzing pro- 
cess and procedures; must take the lead in 
recommending and implementing improvements. 
Video production experience desirable. Salary range: 
$28,000 - $33,000 depending on experience. 
Deadline for applications is August 5, 1994; start date 
is October 1, 1994. Equal opportunity employer. 

Mail resume to: ACTV, Inc. Board of Directors, 
1 143 Northwestern, Austin, Texas 78702. 
(512) 478-8600, Ext. 18. 

Alliance Testifies on Behalf of S.2195 

continued from page 3 

85-95% with budgets under $100,000. 

>■ Schools, libraries, hospitals and non-profit service organizations 
use community channels across the country. 

Viewership: Large Audiences Finding 

> A study of 78 cable TV markets with 2.7 million subscribers shows: 

40% watch government meetings 
37% watch local arts and community events 
36% watch educational programming 
35% watch sports 

31% watch health and wellness programming 

• A June, 1994 Chicago survey found that 92% of cable subscribers 
felt the access channel was of value to the community: freedom of 
speech was identified as the most important benefit, with 77% citing 
it as extremely or very important. 

Value: Volunteers, Volunteers, Volunteers! 

> In Austin, Texas, community groups and individuals provide vol- 
unteer and staff effort valued at 10 times the access center's budget. 

• The Tucson, Arizona access organization provides services val- 
ued at $10.2 million, more than twelve times its budget. 

The Minneapolis Telecommunication Network annually serves 
100 community groups, trains 500 residents, provides 20,000 hours of 
editing time and provides gavei-to-gavel political debate on a bud- 
getless than a 15 second spot on the Super Bowl. 

Key Aspects of S.2195 

Capacity set aside for a broad base of eligible public and non- 
profit entities, including access centers, public broadcasters, govern- 
ments, schools, libraries, and hospitals. 

> Infrastructure fund for these entities to operate channels and 
provide training. 


> Communication is a fundamental human right. Television and 
other electronic media are clearly the most powerful means of com- 
municating in our age. The ability of a group or individual to main- 
tain the basic right of effective communications is dependent on the 
ability to be an information provider as well as receiver. Through live, 
interactive television, and through interface with local computer net- 
works, access centers are taking the next step in providing commu- 
nity dialogue with today's technology. As new technologies develop, 
with the assistance of S. 2195, the Alliance looks forward to expand- 
ing the methods and the geographic areas in which community dia- 
logue travels. 

> S. 2195 guarantees public access to advanced telecommunica- 
tions networks. It promises interconnectivity — citizens with govern- 
ments, schools with libraries, health care providers with the sick, 
teachers with students and beyond. S. 2195 guarantees that all 
Americans regardless of race, income, or class will have access and 
the opportunity to fully participate in the information age and the 
21st Century. 

The Alliance maintains a Public Policy Initiatives fund to help 
defray costs in supporting community media minded legislation, such 
as S.2195, and litigation in defense of community media. If you oryour 
organization can contribute to these efforts, please contact Alliance 
Public Policy Committee Chair Alan Bushong at Capital Community 
Television, 585 Liberty St. SE, Salem, OR 97301. Telephone 503/588- 
2288, fax 503/588-6424. 

S • CMR 

Founded 1976 

Barry Forbes, Executive Director 

In order for democracy to flourish, people must be active participants in their government, educated to 
think critically, and free to express themselves. The mission of the Alliance for Community Media is to 
advance democratic ideals by ensuring that people have access to electronic media, and by promoting 
effective communication through community uses of media. 

Formerly the National Federation of Local Cable Programmers, the Alliance for Community Media is a 
nonprofit, national membership organization representing 3,000 access centers and 1.2 million volunteers 
who provide public, educational and governmental (PEG) access television across the United States. 
Community groups and individuals use PEG channels each week to produce over 20,000 hours of new pro- 
grams, more than the output of all broadcasters combined. 

Annual memberships are $25 volunteer and $35 staff for organizationally affiliated individuals; other 
individual memberships are $30 advocate, $75 professional (salaried), $120 patron, or $1 ,000 life; organiza- 
tional memberships are $75 (revenues under $10,000)., $175 (revenues $10,000 - $100,000), and $275 (rev- 
enues over $100,000). 

Members receive subscriptions to the bi-monthly journal Community Media Review, a bi-monthly 
newsletter the Medium, and regional newsletters (where available); discounts on all publications and 
videotapes; special rates to the national convention and regional conferences; information and referral 
service; annual membership directory; and access to the Alliance bulletin board system. Additionally, orga- 
nizational members receive special rates on music libraries; low cost rates on cablecast errors and omis- 
sions, workers compensation, equipment and general liability insurance; and convention discounts. 

Publications include Community Media Review, a bi-monthly journal; the Medium, a bi-monthly 
newsletter; the Community Media Resource Directory; an annual membership director}'; and numerous 
other reference, resource and video materials. 

The Alliance holds an annual convention and trade show, scheduled for July 20-23, 1994 in Honolulu, 
Hawai'i, and set for Boston, MA in July 1995; and twice yearly regional conferences around the United States. 

Notable recent successes include a successful challenge to the censorship provisions of Section 10 of the 
1992 Cable Act, in collaboration with the Alliance for Communications Democracy and People for the Way 
(currently under review by the full Appeals Court) . 

Alliance for 
Community Media 

666 1 1th Street NW, Suite 806 
Washington, DC 20001-4542 
202/393-2650 voice 
202/393-2653 fax/jobline 
217/359-9118 bbs 

' Alliance for ^ 
t Democracy i 

Founded 1990 

Sam Behrend, President 

The Alliance for Communications Democracy mission is to increase awareness of community televi- 
sion through educational programs and participation in court cases involving franchise enforcement 
and constitutional questions about access television. 

Voting membership is open to non-profit access operations for an annual contribution of $3,000 and 
includes detailed reports on current court cases threatening access, pertinent historical case citations, 
copies of all briefs and enclosures, and other Alliance activities. Non-voting memberships are Associate 
at $2,500 annually, which includes copies of all briefs and reports; Supporter at $500, which includes 
copies of all reports and enclosures; and Subscriber at $350, which includes copies of all reports. 

Publications include Alliance for Communications Democracy reports as issued. 

The ACD holds its annual meeting at the annual Alliance for Community Media national convention 
and is open to all. 

Notable successes (so far) include a challenge to Section 10 of the 1992 Cable Act and other successful 
court interventions and filings. 

Alliance for 




124 E. Broadway 

Tucson, AZ 85701 

602/624-9833 voice 

602/792-2565 fax 

73441. 1022@ Compuserve, col 

CMR • 9 

Founded 1974 

Ruby Lerner, Executive Director 

Association of 
Independent Video & 
Filmmakers (AIVF) 

625 Broadway, 9th Floor 
New York, NY 10012 
212/473-3400 voice 
212/677-8732 fax 

AIVF is the largest membership organization for independent media makers in the United States, pro- 
viding advocacy, information resources, publications, and other services to the membership and the field. 

Memberships begin at $25 a year, student; $45 individual; $75 library; $100 nonprofit organizations; and 
$150 business/industry. Membership includes the monthly magazine, The Independent, and discounts on 
services, publications and health and production insurance. 

Publications include The Independent (10 times a year), 
the AIVF Guide to Film Festivals, and Alternative Visions; 
Distributing Independent Video. 

AIVF holds its annual membership meeting every 
April in New York City. 

AIVF advocacy has resulted in the creation of ITVS; 
IRS tax reporting requirements were revised; Library of 
Congress changed copyright rules on films and video- 
tapes; and the Screen Actors Guild contract was 
amended for low-budget productions. 

Founded 1983 

World Association of 
Community Radio 
Broadcasters (AMARC) 

3575 Boul. St. Laurent, #704 
Montreal, Quebec 
514/982-0351 voice 
514/849-7129 fax 

Evelyne Foy, Executive Director 

AMARC promotes development of community radio worldwide and promotes solidarity amongst 
people working in this area. 

Memberships are $30 a year for radio or production groups, $150 for associations. Memberships are 
open to community radio stations, production groups and associations. Individuals are invited to join as 
associate members. 

AMARC publishes InteRadiothtee times a year, a newsletter featuring news profiles of radio projects, 
technical tips, reviews and information about AMARC activities. AMARC also publishes conference 
reports and specialized publications. 

AMARC holds a bi-annual international conference as well as regional conferences in Europe, Latin 
America and North America. 

AMARC has members in more than 40 countries, building solidarity among groups working for the 
demo cratizati on of communication. 

10 • CMR 

¥ Center 1 

for Media 
i Education J 

Founded 1991 

Jeffrey A. Chester, Executive Director 

The Center for Media Education is dedicated to educating the public about critical media policy issues. 
Established as the debate over the future of the media system began, CME has provided critical informa- 
tion and analysis on telecommunications issues and developments to the press, policy makers, nonprofit 
groups, and foundations. 

A nonprofit organization, CME currently runs projects in three principal areas: 

• Nonprofits and the Information Superhighway, which provides analysis and support to the nonprofit 
community on information infrastructure issues. 

• The Future of Media tracks and analyzes developments in communications, conducts research, and 
provides assistance to consumers. 

• The Campaign for Kids TV engages in research and public education on behalf of children's needs in 
the electronic media. The campaign is the successor to Action for Children's Television. 

People are invited to become members of CME's individual projects, specifically the Campaign for Kids 
TV and the Future of Media Project. Memberships are $25 regular; $50 sponsor; and $75 sustaining. 

Publications include the Center's InfoActive: The Telecommunications Monthly for Non-Profits (10 times 
a year); Cablewatch, informing consumers of their rights under the new cable television law; and a num- 
ber of reports, including The Information Superhighway and the Reinvention of Television (1993); When 
Pulling the Plug Isn't Enough: A Parents' Guide to TV (in association with Advocates for Children and 
Youth, and Ready At Five) (1993); and A Report on Station Compliance with the Children's Television Act 

The Center was a principal co-founder of the Telecommunications Policy Roundtable; CME's work on 
the Future of Media led the FCC to develop a more consumer-friendly complaint procedure; its 1992 
study on the failure of broad casters to comply with the Children's Television Act led to Congressional 
oversight hearings and an inquiry at the FCC. 

Center for 
Media Education 

1511 K Street NW, Suite 518 
Washington, DC 20005 
202/628-2620 voice 
202/628-2554 fax 

¥ Center 1 

for Media 

Founded 1977 

Elizabeth Thoman, Executive Director 

The Center for Media Literacy believes that the mass media and popular culture are among the most 
powerful influences in our lives and in our communities today. Our mission is to help children and adults 
prepare for living and learning in a global media culture by translating media literacy research and theory 
into practical information, training and educational tools for teachers and youth leaders, parents and 
caregivers of children. 

General membership is $35 ($40 in Canada, US $40 overseas) and is open to individuals and organiza- 
tions. Benefits include a year's subscription to the Center's new 
magazine/newsletter, 10 per cent discount on resources from the Center's cata- 
log, access to the our Media Literacy Telephone HelpLine, and the opportunity 
to participate in a growing network of people who are making a difference. 
Institutional non-profit memberships range from $200 to $1,000 or more and 
include multiple copies of Center publications, VIP mailings on media liter- 
acy developments (future plans call for a fax network and electronic confer- 
encing), 20 per cent discount on Media Literacy Workshop Kits ™ and 
videos from the Center's catalog, reprint permission to use action items in 
your own publications, and the opportunity to order additional 1-year subscrip- 
tions to the Center's magazine/newsletter. 

The Center accepts additional tax-deductible contributions to support devel- 
opment of the media literacy movement and special projects of the Center. 

Publications include the quarterly Connect, a "reinvented" Media & Values Magazine, numerous print 
and video resources from its catalog. The catalog is available free. 

Successes include developing and publishing a comprehensive collection of Media Literacy Workshop 
Kits™, the first media literacy curriculum resources to be published in the US. 

Center for Media Literacy 

1962 S. Shenandoah St. 
Los Angeles, CA 90034 
310/559-2944 voice 
310/559-9396 fax 
800/226-9494 membership/orders 

CMR • 11 

Founded 1981 

Kathleen Kells, Managing Director 

Computer Professionals 
for Social Responsibility 

PO Box 717 
Palo Alto, CA 94302-0717 
415/322-3778 voice 
415/322-4748 fax 

The mission of CPSR is to pro vide the public and policymakers with realistic assessments of the power, 
promise, and problems of information technology. As concerned citizens, CPSR members work to direct 
public attention to critical choices concerning the applications of information technology and how those 
choices affect society. 

Projects undertaken by CPSR are based on five principles: 

• We foster and support public discussion of, and meaningful involvement in, decisions critical to society. 

• We work to correct misinformation while providing understandable and factual analysis about the 
impact of societal technology. 

• We challenge the assumption that technology alone can solve political and social problems. 

• We critically examine social and technical issues within the computer profession, both nationally and 

• We encourage the use of information technology to improve the quality of life. 

CPSR welcomes everyone who uses or is concerned about the role of information technology in our 
society. Memberships start at $20 for student/Low-income; $50 for basic, foreign and library/ institu- 
tional; $75 regular membership; $200 supporting; $500 sponsoring; and $1,000 life member. Corporate 
memberships are also available. 

Members are joining others to affect policymaking at the local, regional and national level. Benefits 
include access to an international network of people who can provide expertise and well-researched sup- 
port for progressive positions concerning information technology policy; access to on-line information and 
discussion groups on key topics concerning the socially responsible use of information technology; the 
chance to participate in local and national work groups on issues of particular interest to you; a quarterly 
newsletter containing in-depth analysis of major issues as well as updates on CPSR activities and action 
alerts; and invitations and discounts to CPSR conferences and events, and discounts on publications. 

In addition to publishing the CPSR quarterly newsletter, CPSR maintains a number of email lists focus- 
ing on various issues and projects, and offers on-line access to a library of CPSR materials accessible via 

CPSR sponsors a number of national and local projects, serving as a catalyst for discussion and action 
on the Nil, civil liberties and privacy, computers in the workplace, technology policy and human needs, 
and the reliability and risk of computer-based systems. 

Founded 1986 

Kai Lumumba Barrow, Executive Director 

Deep Dish TV 

339 Lafayette St. 
New York, NY 10012 
212/473-8933 voice 
212/420-8223 fax 

Deep Dish TV aspires to build a network of people and orga 
nizations committed to using television as an outlet for cre- 
ative grassroots, community and independent 
video addressing issues and perspectives inade- 
quately represented by mainstream media. Our goal 
is to strengthen and increase the visibility of move- 
ments for social and economic justice in the United States 
and internationally. 

Deep Dish provides a minimum of two 10- 
13 week seasons per year and is shown on approximately 200 
cable systems, public broadcast stations and to millions of home 
satellite dish viewers nationwide. 

12 • CMR 

Founded 1990 

Jerry Herman, Executive Director 

Mission Statement: A new world is arising in the vast web of digital, electronic media which connect us. 
Computer-based communication media like electronic mail and computer conferencing are becoming the 
basis of new forms of community. These communities without a single, fixed geograhical location com- 
prise the first setdements on an electronic frontier. 

While well-established legal principles and cultural norms give structure and coherence to uses of con- 
ventional media like newspapers, books, and telephones, the new digital media do not so easily fit into 
existing frameworks. Conflicts come about as the law struggles to define its application in a context where 
fundamental notions of speech, property, and place take profoundly new forms. People sense both the 
promise and the threat inherent in new computer and communications technologies, even as they struggle 
to master or simply cope with them in the workplace and the home. 

The Electronic Frontier Foundation has been established to help civilize the electronic frontier; to make 
it truly useful and beneficial not just to a technical elite, but to everyone; and to do this in a way which is in 
keeping with our society's highest traditions of the free and open flow of information and communication. 

To that end, the Electronic Frontier Foundation will; 

1. Engage in and support educational activities which increase popular understanding of the opportuni- 
ties and challenges posed by developments in computing and telecommunications. 

2. Develop among policy-makers a better understanding of the issues underlying free and open telecom- 
munications, and support the creation of legal and structural approaches which will ease the assimilation 
of these new technologies by society. 

3. Raise public awareness about civil liberties issues arising from the rapid advancement in the area of 
new computer-based communications media. Support litigation in the public interest to preserve, protect, 
and extend First Amendment rights within the realm of computing and telecommunications technology. 

4. Encourage and support the development of new tools which will endow non-technical users with full 
and easy access to computer-based telecommunications, 

Regular memberships are $40, students $20, sysops $10, and includes a subscription to the quarterly 
hard copy newsletter Networks & Policy, subscription to a biweekly electronic newsletter EFFector Online, 
online bulletins that report on the key legal, legislative and policy developments affecting online commu- 
nications; and an online response mechanism to make members heard on key issues. 

Print Publications include the quarterly newsletter Networks & Policy. 

Electronic Frontier 
Foundation (EFF) 

1001 G Street NW, Suite 950E 
Washington, DC 20001 
202/347-5400 voice 
202/393-5509 fax 

continued on page 23 

Fairness & 
Accuracy in 

Founded 1986 

Jeff Cohen, Executive Director 

FAIR is the national media watch group offering well-documented criticism in an effort to correct bias 
and imbalance. FAIR focuses public awareness on the narrow corporate ownership of the press, the 
media's allegiance to official agendas and their insensitivity to women, labor, minorities and other public 
interest constituencies. FAIR seeks to invigorate the First Amendment by advocating for greater media 
pluralism and the inclusion of public interest voices in national debates. 

Regular memberships are $30 per year, $20 for seniors, students and 
low income, and includes a subscription to EXTRAi 

Publications include EXTRAI, a bimonthly magazine, and EXTRA! 
Update, a bi-monthly newsletter. FAIR also does a weekly syndicated 
radio show heard on 70 stations, and is available on a sliding down- 
ward scale starting at S240 a year. 

Successes include studies of The MacNeil/Tehrer Report and 
NighUine; special issues on women, racism, homophobia, youth 
and labor; and grassroots organizing around the Public 
Broadcasting Service. 

Fairness and Accuracy 
in Reporting (FAIR) 

130 W. 25th St. 
New York, NY 10001 
212/633-6700 voice 
212/727-7668 fax 

CMR • 13 

Founded 1989 

James Yee, Executive Director 

Independent Television 
Service (ITVS) 

190 Fifth Street East, Suite 200 
St. Paul, MN 55101 
612/225-9035 voice 

The mission of the ITVS is to bring public television audiences innovative 
programming that involves creative risks and addresses the needs of 
unserved orunderserved audiences, particularly minorities and children 
through the funding of independent productions. 

The ITVS makes a clear commitment to diverse programming of excel- 
lence that is insulated from political pressure and marketplace forces and 
available free to public television stations. Furthermore, the ITVS fosters increased opportunity for coopera- 
tion between independent producers and the public broadcasting system to promote original program- 
ming, ensure maximum carriage, and develop new audiences through independent production. 

ITVS does not maintain a "member" structure. Requests for proposals are available free of charge and can 
be obtained by joining the mailing list (call 612/225-9035). 

To be eligible for ITVS funding, one must be an independent producer of film or video who will maintain 
creative, editorial and budgetary control of the proposed program or represent a production entity, team or 
collaborative group who will maintain creative, editorial and budgetary control of the production. 
Additionally, applicants may not be a current signatory on an ITVS funded production and must be 18 years of 
age or older, a citizen of the United States or its external territories, or a legally registered resident alien. 

The ITVS publishes Buzzwords quarterly, which is available free to all entrants to their mailing list. 

ITVS holds quarterly board meetings which are open to the public. A schedule may be obtained by calling 
the ITVS offices. Additionally, ITVS staff representatives attend many conferences throughout the country 
which address independent media and/or public television. 

As of lune 1994, ITVS has supported 70 single programs, six series and one music special. Two calls for 
entries are currently under consideration by peer panels and will yield another significant group of produc- 
tions funded. Many ITVS productions have won top awards at film/video festivals, have achieved domestic 
and internationally critical acclaim and several have been broadcast in virtually every television market to 
millions of viewers nationwide. 

Founded 1979 

Mona Jimenez, Executive Director 

Media Alliance 

c/o WNET 
356 W. 58th St. 
New York, NY 10026 
212/560-2919 voice 
212/560-6866 fax 

Media Alliance is a non-profit organization dedicated to advancing the 
independent media arts in New York State. Members include media arts 
centers, distributors, museums, libraries, educational institutions, and 
cable access and public television programmers, independent artists 
and others who are involved in the electronic media arts - including 
video, audio, radio, holography, computers and film. 


4 L «- I A N C E 

Media Alliance works for the development of the media arts field by: 
expanding resources, support, and outlets for electronic and related media arts; facilitating networking 
and sharing of information about issues and opportunities affectingthe membership; and providing pro- 
grams and services which directly respond to issues confronting the field. 

Media Alliance strives to stimulate increased public and private subsidy for the media arts in New York 
State; to provide forums and conferences at which members can share information and debate issues; to 
realize the democratic potential of the media arts for makers and audiences by increasing access to pro- 
duction resources, exhibition and distribution outlets, and education systems; to further the impact of 
media arts on communities by assisting media arts administrators and artists in mastering the skills of 
organization, communication, marketing, and management; to serve as an advocate on issues affecting 
the membership in policy-making arenas; and to elicit and embody the experience and imagination of the 
New York State media arts community in all its diversity. 

Membership categories include affiliate at $20 yearly for students and others with low incomes and 
includes a subscription to the Media Alliance's newsletter, Media Matters, information and referral, and 
discounts on mailing lists; individual at $30, includes affiliate benefits plus discounts on conferences, 

continued on page 23 

■• CMR 

Established 1994 

An ] 1 member governing council with a four member 
coordinating committee providing direction. 

Members: Association of Independent Video and Filmmakers (ATVF); Alliance for Community Media; 
National Alliance for Media Arts and Culture (NAMAC); National Federation of Community Broadcasters 
(NFCB); National Coalition of Independent Public Broadcasting Producers (NC1PBP); Independent 
Television Service (ITVS). 

Media Democracy in Action is a national consortium of independent and community media service 
organizations advocating for equity, access and freedom of expression in policy and funding for a cultur- 
ally diverse society. 

The mission of the MEDIA consortium is to bring together aational membership organizations for inde- 
pendent and community media producers to combine their resources and, jointly, to gather additional 
resources in order to represent their members fully in the national and regional arenas of telecommuni- 
cations and media policy. 

Member costs/benefits: Member organizations benefit by the increased visibility and influence of the 
coordinated public policy efforts of die consortium. Members provide modest funding and collectively 
develop funding proposals. 

Qualifications for membership; Organizations may apply for membership if 1) their mission is consis- 
tent with MEDIA'S mission, 2) they represent a national or regional membership, and 3) they are active in 
public policy work. 

Publications: Member publications include The Independent (monthly) A1VT; Community Media Review 
(bimonthly), Medium newsletter (bimonthly), and Community Media Resource Directory, Alliance for 
Community Media; TiteMMN (monthly), Member Directory, NAMAC; Community Radio News (monthly), 
Annual Member Directory, Audiocraft-Audio Production textbook, and Public Radio Legal Handbook, 

Media Democracy in 
Action (MEDIA) 

Temporary Address: 

655 13th Street, Suite 201 
Oakland, CA 94612 
510/451-2717 voice 
510/451-2715 fax 

continued on page 23 

Founded 1979 

Don DeRosby, Executive Director 

Media Network is a national membership organization committed to the development and use of alter- 
native media to promote social change. Founded on the belief that media plays a vital role in shaping per- 
ceptions of ourselves and our society. Our community includes media producers, educators, activists and 
concerned viewers who use progressive independent film and video to educate and organize around con- 
temporary' social issues. 

Individual memberships are available at $35 regular, $50 supporter, and $100 sustainer. Organizational 
memberships aTe $50 regular, $100 supporter, and $250 sustainer. 

Members receive four issues a year of ImMEDIAte Impact, Media Network's newsletter on social change 
media, including extensive listings of hard-to-find videos and media resource organizations; eligibility for 
Media Network's fiscal sponsorship program, which extends Media Network's tax exempt status to inde- 
pendent social issue film/video projects and offers assistance in project development, fundraising, pro- 
duction and distribution planning; free access and information about Media Network's media literacy 
workshops, which teach successful strategies for using media for education and outreach; and free issues 
of upcoming media guides on contemporary social issues. 

Media Network holds media literacy workshops on howto use media to talk about AIDS, Seeing 
Through AIDS, and scieenwiting workshops. It is the largest fiscal agent for social issue media producers 
in the nation. The media literacy program trains over i ,800 healthcare workers a year on how to use 
videotapes in their AIDS education and counseling work. Media Network also acts as a catalyst for media 
activism, referring community participants to low cost media resources. 

Media Network 

39 W. 14th Street #403 
New York, NY 10011 
212/929-2663 voice 
212/929-2732 fax 

CMR • 15 

Founded 1987 

Media Working 
Group, Inc. 

816 Greer Ave. 
Covington, KY 410 11 
606/ 581-0033 voice 
606/581-0009 fax 

Fred Johnson, Chair 

® ©0 

Media Working Group is a non-profit media education and production group providing media 
education workshops and curriculum development for schools, universities, labor unions, adult 
and community education sites, social service agencies, media centers and business. Media 
Working Group's Cyberschool is a traveling communica- 
tions/education institute dealing with "new technologies, 
public interest vision of new telecommunications, the 
community media center, cultural diversity in commu- 
nity media, new information infrastructure, and media 
arts education," 

Membership is made up of invited media education 
professionals and independent media arts producers. 

Media Working Group is planning conferences on 
Media Arts-Cultural Industries and Local Economic Development in 
April 1995, and on Media Education and Education Reform in May 1995 

Founded 1980 

Julian Low, National Director 

National Alliance 
for Media Arts & 
Culture {NAMAC) 

655 - 13th Street 
Oakland, CA 946 12 
510/451-2717 voice 
510/451-2715 fax 

NAMAC is an association of organizations and individuals dedicated to building a broad, common 
vision of diversity and equity, decentralization and participation in the media arts - audio, video, film 
and other sound and image technologies. 

Individual memberships are $30; organizational membership ranges from $50-$250 based on bud- 
get. Membership includes a subscription to the MAIN Newsletter and Travel Sheet, subscription to the 
NAMAC Member Directory (free to organizations, 50% to individuals); a profiled listing in the Member 
Directory; discounts on the NAMAC mailing list; timely mailings on topics in the field; and discounted 
conference fees. 

Publications include the monthly MAIN, Travel Sheet Newsletter, and a biennial Membership 

NAMAC holds an annual conference. 

Founded 1980 

Bill Squadron, President 

Benee Winsky, Administrative Officer 

NATOAis an association of telecommunications officers, advisors, and professionals, created to foster, 
protect, and represent the public interest in telecommunications through local governments. 

Individual memberships are $225, open to any professional who is elected, appointed or employed by a 
local, state or regional authority engaged in the regulation or administration of any telecommunica- 
tions/cable systems. Individuals qualify for all discounts, all mailings and the Directory, and have voting 
rights on all NATOA business and policy matters. Agency memberships are $300 for cities with less than 
50,000 population, or $400 with more than 50,000 population. Open to any department, agency, commis- 
sion, board, consortium, or video production facility sanctioned by a local, state or regional authority, 
which regulates, manages, plans, or administrates telecommunications or cable systems. Includes the 
same benefits as individual members including up to five copies of all mailings upon request. Associate 
memberships are $175 for non-profits, $400 for profit-making ventures and is open to any individual con- 
sultant, planner, staff member, producer or participant of a telecommunications organization who does 
not qualify for individual membership or who wishes to join under a lower dues structure. Associates 
qualify only for discounted rates on conferences and publications and receive NATOA News Quarterly. 
Student memberships at $75 open to individuals attending an institution of higher education and 
involved in the research of telecommunications issues. Student and associate members do not receive 
NATOA News Flash, Action Alerts, voting rights or copies of the Directory. 

Member benefits include public policy advocacy and lobbying; education and training; information ser- 
vices; membership networking and assistance; promoting access to local government through telecom- 

Publications include NATOA NEWS Flash monthly, NATOA NEWS Quarterly; yearly Directory of 
Membership; Action Alerts as needed; a Rate Regulation Kit; and the Local Officials Guide to the 1992 
Cable Act. 

NATOA holds an annual conference, scheduled this year for September 19-22 in Sparks/Reno, Nevada. 

Notable successes include documents filed in several FCC proceedings, on behalf of local governments, in 
order to influence the development of FCC rate regulation rules and national cable consumer service 
standards. Their 1993 annual conference was attended by some 500 people. 

National Association 
of Tolecommunications 
Officers & Advisors 

An affiliate of the 
National League of Cities 
1301 PennsylvaniaAve., NW 
Washington, DC 20004 
202/626-3160 voice 
202/626-3103 fax 

Founded 1975 

Lynn Chadwick, President and CEO 

The mission of the NFCB is to provide technical assistance, services and representation to the member 
community radio stations and the field. 

Membership fee for participant members is based on 1% of cash operating budget and is open to orga- 
nizations holding a non-commercial radio broadcast license and community control of programming. 
Associate memberships are open to anyone and available on a sliding scale. 

NFCB publications include the monthly Community Radio News, the Public Radio Legal Handbook, 
and the Audiocraft Production Textbook. 

NFCB holds an annual Community Radio Conference. Its 1995 conference is slated for February 24-26, 
1995 in Albuquerque. 

National Federation of 
Community Broadcasters 

666 1 1th St. NW, Suite 805 
Washington, DC 20001 
202/393-2355 voice 

CMR • 17 

Founded 1953 

Marieli Rowe, Executive Director 

National Telemedia 
Council, Inc. (NTC) 

120 East Wilson St. 
Madison, WI 53703 
608/257-7712 voice 
608/257-7714 fax 

The National Telemedia Council is a nonprofit educational organization which promotes media literacy 
for children and youth through teachers, librarians /media specialists, parents and other caregivers, media 
professionals, researchers, and others. NTC links and supports their efforts to help our young people to be 
"in", rather than "under" the control of the media they consume. 

NTC is a clearinghouse and center for media literacy education. NTC connects members to educators 
and specialists, events, services, research, and bibliographic information. Many of these resources are vir- 
tually inaccessible except through the NTC clearinghouse. 

Individual memberships are $30 basic; $50 contributing; and $100 patron. Organizational members are 
$40 schools; $60 organizational /library; and $500 corporate. Overseas add $10 for Canada and Mexico, 
add $15 outside of North America. 

Members receive TELEMEDIUM, educational materials, and reduced fees for Media Literacy 
Clearinghouse research, conferences and consultations. 

The NTC publishes TELEMEDIUM, The Journal of Media Literacy, three times a year, and other materi- 
als through the NTC Media Literacy Clearinghouse and Center. 

The NTC holds conferences, workshops and consultations as possible, not necessarily annually (could 
be less or more frequent). 

Notable successes include KIDS-4 Children's Channel in Sun Prairie, WI, a cable channel for and by 
children aged 9-13, which was developed by NTC in the late 70s and is now self-sufficient; the 
International "Kids-to-Kids" Satellite Interconnect in 1981, a KIDS-4 to/from Brisbane, Australia; and is 
currently developing the Media Literacy Clearinghouse and Center. 

Founded 1981 

Linda lannacone, contact 

Paper Tiger Television 

339 Lafayette Street 
New York, NY 10012 
212/420-9045 voice 
eisenmen@gandaif.rutgers . edu 

Paper Tiger TV is a weekly public access television series which is produced by a volunteer collective of 
media artists and activists. The series presents media critiques and analysis of the role of mainstream 
media on social and political life. 

Paper Tiger TV "looks at the communications industry in all of their forms. The power of mass culture 
rests on the trust of the public. This legitimacy is a paper tiger. Investigation into the corporate structures 
of the media and critical analysis of their content is one way to demystify 
the information industry. Developing a critical consciousness g£ Tig^ 

about the communications industry is a necessary first step r CeJe p, 

towards democratic control of information resources." - from the 
Paper Tiger Manifesto 

Involvement in the PTTV production collective in New York 
City is open and free. Those interested in the mission of Paper 
Tiger TV should contact the office staff. 

Publications include ROAR: The Paper Tiger Television Guide to 
Media Activism. 

Recent successes include video series on the Whitney 
Biennial and the 1993 "Gulf Crisis TV Project; and the 1991 
community recipient of the Wexner Art Center Media Arts 

18 • CMR 

Kate Kane, Steering Committee Coordinator 

The Union for Democratic Communications is a group of communication researchers, educators, 
media producers, policy analysts and activists. It is dedicated to the critical study of the communica- 
tions establishment and its policies; to the production and distribution of democratically controlled 
and produced media; and to the development of democratic communications systems at the local, 
regional, national and international levels. 

Membership is open to anyone. Dues are $10 student/low income; $30 regular; $50 sustaining; and 
$45 household (two names, one newsletter). Members are entitled to the newsletter, a membership 
directory, and member rates at UDC conferences. 

The UDC publishes The Democratic Communique three times a year in Spanish, French and English. 

The UDC holds a conference every year to year-and-a-half. In December 1993, the UDC conference 
was held at the International School of Film and Video outside Havana, Cuba. Their next conference 
will he March 1995 in Austin, Texas. 

Recent successes include survival and the Cuba conference. 

Union for Democratic 
Communications (UDC) 

Department of 
DePaul University 
2320 N. Kenmore 
Chicago, IL 60614 
312/362-5434 voice 
312/362-5811 fax 


Founded 1990 

Lavlnia Mohr, Secretary General 

Videazimut is an international non-governmental coalition promoting audiovisual communication 
for development and democracy. It brings together people from the world of independent and alterna- 
tive video and television from every continent. Its members act to promote the democratic practice of 
communication and to broaden the participation by communities and movements from the North and 
the South in sound and image production. The coalition acts through the creation of fora for debate 
and exchange amongst the many diverse participants in this broad movement. 

Membership is open to groups and individuals who share and actively pursue the goals and princi- 
ples of the coalition. 

Publications include Clips, published three times a year and available at US $10 a year for countries 
from the North, or US $5 a year for countries from the South. 

Notable successes include the recent New Technologies Symposium 
in New Delhi and its Declaration of Principles asserting communi- 
cation as a "right of peoples, of communities and individuals". 


3680 rue Jeanne-Mance, 
bureau 430 
Montreal, Quebec 
H2X2K5 Canada 
514/982-6660 voice 
514/982-6122 fax 
videaz@ web . 

p E A *■ 1 

CMR • 

Founded 1980 

Larry Kirkman, Executive Director 

The Benton Foundation 

1634 1 Street NW, 12th Floor 
Washington, DC 20006 
202/638-5770 voice 
202/638-5771 fax 

Karen Menichelli, Associate Director 

Andrew Blau, Director of the Communications Policy Project 

Susan Bales, Director of Children's Programs 

The Benton Foundation encourages the use of the techniques and technologies of communications to 
advance the process, The foundation works with public interest organizations to demonstrate new 
fotms of interaction and self-determination and to gain an effective voice for social change. 

Beginning in 1989, the foundation decided to focus its resources on operating projects which staff ini- 
tiate and direct. This reorientation has dramatically reduced the foundation's grants budget while 
increasing the foundation's ability to demonstrate innovative uses of the media for issue advocacy and 
to help nonprofits advance their strategic use of communications and information technologies and 
services. The foundation does not accept grant proposals. 

Communications Policy Project Publications include a number of briefings, edited and unedited tran- 
scripts, and videos from the Public Interest Summit on the National Information Infrastructure held 
March 29, 1994. A briefing booklet is free; edited transcripts are $10 each; videos vary as to format. Call 
for titles and costs. The Communications Policy Project maintains a number of other briefings and 
working papers, including reports on universal service, interactive television, and a poll on What People 
Think About New Communications Technologies. Call for titles and costs. 

Notable successes include: 

• Public Interest Summit (March 1994) - Almost 700 public interest advocates, nonprofit leaders, and 
government officials met in Washington for "Shaping the Information Infrastructure: The Public 
Interest Summit," a one day conference attracting top leaders from a wide cross-section of public inter- 
est, consumer, disability, environmental, civil rights, and other nonprofit groups to discuss the social, 
economic and political issues raised by the construction of the "Information Superhighway." 

•Telecommunications and the Democratic Process (November 1993) - The Benton Foundation, the 
Center for Policy Alternatives and the Center for Civic Networking conducted a one-day conference to 
explore how telecommunications and information technologies can be used to broaden public partici- 
pation in government decision making and the electoral process. The conference included state and 
local decision makers, grassroots practitioners, federal policymaking staff, experts in democratic theory 
and public interest leaders. 

• Universal Service: New Challenges and New Options in Tomorrow's Network of Networks (October 
1993) - The Benton Foundation and the Columbia Institute forTeie-Information (CITI) at Columbia 
University brought together leading academic experts and policymakers to explore what universal ser- 
vice has meant and why current programs to achieve it may unravel; consider recent findings on who 
remains without basic service today; hear new proposals to define and support universal service in the 
future; and address the special challenge of extending service affordably to rural areas. The audience 
included representatives from nonprofit organizations, industry, government and academia. 

•Advocacy Video Conference (May 1993) - The Benton Foundation hosted a national conference to 
set new expectations for the use of video as a powerful tool for advocacy. The conference was designed 
to serve the needs of public interest leaders, video producers, and foundation executives. The confer- 
ence profiled a wide variety of ways in which video can increase the effectiveness of communications 
initiatives by reaching a broader public in the medium that dominates our political and cultural dis- 
course. Participants included almost 300 nonprofit leaders, foundation executives, producers, users, 
and media strategists. 

20 * CMR 

Founded 1978 

Woodward A. Wickham, Vice President for Public Affairs 
and Director of the General Program 

The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation is a private, independent grant- making insti- 
tution committed to the search for lasting solutions to critical problems in Chicago and around the 
world by investing in creative people and ideas. In 1993, the Foundation awarded more than $150 
million in grants through Foundation-wide initiatives and through eight programs: Community 
Initiatives, Education, Health, Fellows, Peace and International Cooperation, Population, World 
Environment and Resources, and the General Program. The Foundation provides support for media 
projects and media centers through the General Program. Media projects concerning subjects of 
interest to a topical program of the Foundation are supported, if at all, by the relevant program. 

The General Program makes grants in support of innovative media projects, especially those that 
1) increase the diversity of voices and viewpoints in television and radio; 2) improve public access to 
media production faciiities; 3) enhance the economical distribution of quality video products to all 
who can benefit from them; and 4) promote the public interest in the new telecommunications envi- 
ronment. Woodward Wickham is the Foundation's vice president for public affairs and the director 
of the General Program. The media program officer of the General Program is Patricia Boero. 

In 1993, the Genera! Program awarded more than $5 million in support to projects including: 
Globalvision's "Rights and Wrongs" public television series; the National Latino Communications 
Center's "Chicano!" series; the promotion of Kartemquin's film Hoop Dreams; International Media 
Resource Exchange's development of a Latin American Video archive and data base; Videazimut's 
international symposium on new communications technologies; and Media Access Project's 
telecommunications policy research. 

In addition to the media funding described above, in 1993 the Foundation awarded more than $2 
million to 43 organizations throughout the United States under the program of support for media 
centers. In making choices among requests for support from media centers, the Foundation favors 
organizations with a strong potential for advancing equity in media and for promoting social justice 
and democracy through media, particularly video and Film, The program of support for media cen- 
ters is managed by Margie Nicholson, a consultant to the General Program. 

In 1993, the program of support for media centers recognized six centers for exercising national 
leadership: Appalshop (Whitesburg, KY), Deep Dish TV (New York), Downtown Community 
Television (New York), Film Arts Foundation (San Francisco), the Neighborhood Film/Video Project 
at International House (Philadelphia), and the Southwest Alternate Media Project (Houston). Other 
grantees included: Alliance for Community Media (Washington, DC), Quote. . .Unquote 
(Albuquerque), and the Minneapolis Telecommunications Network. 

Inquiries about the program of support for media centers may be submitted to Margie Nicholson, 
Public Service Media & Marketing, 1651 N. Dayton, #306, Chicago, IL 60614. Telephone 312/642- 
0884, Fax 312/642-1735. 

The John D. and 
Catherine T. MacArthur 

140 S. Dearborn St., Suite 1 100 
Chicago, IL 60603 
312/726-8000 voice 

CMR • 21 

Pounded 1978 

Larry Irving, Jr., Assistant Secretary for Communications 
and Information & NTIA Administrator 

& Information 
Administration (NTIA) 

U.S. Department of 
Commerce, Room 4898 
Washington, DC 20230 

202/482-1551 voice 
202/482-1635 fax 

22 • CMR 

The NTIA, a unit of the U.S. Department of Commerce, is headquartered in Washington, DC, with a satel- 
lite office in Annapolis, MD and a telecommunications laboratory facility in Boulder, CO. In fiscal year 1993, 
NTIA had a permanent staff of approximately 250 and an appropriation of $40,220,000. 

NTIA's principal duties include: 

• Acting as principal policy adviser and providing administrative support for the President, Vice President, 
and Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown on planning and implementation of the Administration's National 
Information Infrastructure (Nil); 

• Serving through the Secretary of Commerce as the principal adviser to the President on domestic and 
international communications and information policy-making; 

t Developing pro-investment and pro-competitive policies for presentation before the Congress and the 
FCC and in bilateral and multilateral international conferences; 

As part of its Nil activities, NTIA has begun a number of outreach efforts to start an ongoing dialogue with 
private industry, academia, labor, public interest groups, and state and local governments. In November 
1993, NTIA and the Annenberg Program cosponsored a federal-state-local planning summit in Washington, 
DC, which brought together officials from all levels of government to address issues raised by the NIL 

NTIA has also participated in a variety of forums focusing on the potential impact of the Nil initiative, 
including conferences sponsored by the U.S. Distance Learning Association, John Marshall Law School, and 
the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. 

NTIA conducted a field hearing in Albuquerque on the topic of Universal Telecommunications Service in 
December 1993 in conjunction with the New Mexico State Corporation Commission (NMSCC). NTIA 
received testimony from 50 witnesses. NTIA will sponsor additional field hearings on the topic and on open 
network access in 1994. 

Domestic Policy Initiatives include: 

» Assistant Secretary Irving chairing an interagency Legislative Drafting Task Force that met regularly 
beginning in November 1993 to develop a legislative package on telecommunications reform initiatives to 
support the NIL The Vice President outlines several overarching goals for this effort in a speech in 
December 1993, which include encouraging private investment; promoting and protecting competition; 
providing open access to the network; avoiding creating a society of information "haves" and "have nots" 
and encouraging flexibility. 

• NT1A also worked with Congress on the provisions of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act, enacted 
in August 1993, that will improve spectrum management by authorizing the FCC to use competitive bidding 
to assign spectrum licenses. 

Other duties include managing all Federal use of the electromagnetic spectrum and promoting efficient 
use of spectrum; in partnership with business and other federal agencies, conducting telecommunications 
technology research, including standards development; awarding grants through the Nil demonstration 
project initiative, the Public Telecommunications Facilities Program, and the National F.ndowment for 
Children's Educational Television; and in partnership with the University of Hawai'i, providing satellite ser- 
vices for the Pan-Pacific Educational and Communications Experiments by Satellite (PEACESAT) Program. 

NTIA administers a number of specific programs related to these duties, including the NIL In particular, 
NTIA played a primary role in drafting the vision paper entitled National Information Infrastructure: 
Agenda for Action, which announced the Nil in September 1993. NTIA also began planning for a new pro- 
gram initiative to fund Nil planning grants and networking pilot demonstration projects. This program will 
provide matching grants to state and local governments, health care providers, school districts, libraries, 
universities, and other non-profit entities. 

The White House established the intergovernmental Information Infrastructure TaskForce (RTF), chaired by 
Secretary Brown, to articulate and implement the Administration's vision for the Nil and to help build consen- 
sus within the Federal government on policy issues. Assistant Secretary for Communications and Information 
Larry Irving chairs the Telecommunications Policy Committee of the flTF, which includes two working groups 
on Universal Service and International Telecommunications Policy. Irving also chairs the Administration's 
Legislative Drafting Task Force, which is drafting comprehensive telecommunications reform legislation. 

NTIA also provides secretariat functions for the RTF and will for the Nil Advisory Council, a group of 27 pri- 
vate and public sector representatives appointed by Secretary Brown to advise the Administration on NII- 
related issues and efforts. As part of these functions, NTIA operates the RTF Bulletin Board Service (BBS) at 
202/501-1920 and the RTF gopher server at, which are available to the public. NTLAs general BBS 
at 202/482-1199 contains Nil information as well as information about other NTIA programs. 

Electronic Frontier Foundation 

continued from page 13 

EFF holds an annual Computers, Freedom and Privacy Conference, 
where academics, civil libertarians, law enforcement officials and 
computer users all meet to discuss the privacy implications of com- 
municating online. Each year at the conference, EFF presents its 
Pioneer Awards to individuals who have made significant and influen- 
tial contribution to computer communications or to the empower- 
ment of individuals in using computers. 

Notable successes include 1) a suit against the US Secret Service on 
behalf of a BBS user (Steve Jackson Games etal versus the U.S. Secret 
Service and the U.S. Government), which established privacy protec- 
tions for electronic publishers and users of electronic mail, 2) ongoing 
provision of legal services to tho se requesting advice in the area of 
online communications, and 3) the mobilization of members in three 
separate online grassroots campaigns, one in support of 
Representative Maria CantwelTs (D-WAJ bill, HR3627, which would 
amend the Export Control Act, resulting in 5,653 letters to her; and a 
second was a petition to Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT) to hold hear- 
ings on the Clipper Chip, resulting in 1,629 letters to him. The hear- 
ings were held May 3, 1994. 

Media Alliance 

continued from page 14 

workshops and publications, access to the ON-LINE Program, mail- 
ings about media arts activities, and eligibility to vote and or serve on 
the board of directors; and organizations, from $100 to $150 depend- 
ing on annual budget, and includes previously mentioned benefits 
and a description in Media Arts/New York: A Directory of Media 
Alliance Members. 

Publications include the bi-monthly Media Matters, as well as a 
number of guides, directories, mailing lists, reports and resources. 

Media Alliance holds an annual conference, usually in the fall, and 
also conducts Emerging Arts Workshops throughout the year and 
other events as needed. 

Notable successes include the award-winning program ON-LINE, 
for reduced cost artist access to high end production/post production 
services; and publication of Video Preservation: Securing the Future of 
the Past, a monograph on video preservation. 

Media Democracy in Action 

continued from page 15 

Annual Conferences include: AIVF - monthly workshops and semi- 
nars; Alliance for Community Media - national conference in July 
(Boston 1995); NAMAC - National Conference and Congress alter- 
nates every other year. 1994 Congress in Oakland; NFCB - Annual 
Community Radio Conference (February 24-26, 1995 in Albuquerque. 

Notable successes of members include 1) Creation of the 
Independent Television Service, 2) Formation of over 300 local media 
arts centers, and 3) Establishment of 750 community media centers 
serving over 2,000 communities, facilitating production of over 20,000 
hours of new community TV programs each week. 

If you haven't joined the 
Alliance for Community Media, 
here's how to become 
a member. 


(Please check all that apply) 

Yes, I want to join the Alliance forCommunity Media. I ama(n): 

Access Staff Member 
^ Community Producer 

Access Board Member 
Cable Regulatory Staff or 
Board Member 

$ 75 


2 Over $100,000 annual revenues 

Q $10,000 to $100,000 annual revenues 

Q Under $10,000 annual revenues 

All organizational memberships expire on September 30th of each 
year. Join between April and September and pay half the annual rate. 


Q Affiliated (available only if your organization is a member: 
includes paid staff, volunteer producers, board members, or other 
unpaid individuals associated with a member organization) 
P Staff $35 □ Volunteer $25 

[ H At-Large (includes professional or volunteer individuals who are 
not associated with a member organization) 

E Advocate (volunteer) $30 Q Professional (salaried) $75 
Patron $120 □ Life $1,000 

All individual memberships expire one year from the last day of the 
month in which you join. 


I am including an additional amount to further support the activities 
of the Alliance and help broaden participation in the organization. 

□ $10 D$15 □ $25 D$40 n$50 □$ 

SUBSCRIPTION ONLY (not a membership) 
I I Community Television Review (6 issues) $25 

(Canada $30, other non US. $355 CTR Subscriptions expire one year 
from the last day of the month in which you sign up. 


NAME AND ADDRESS (Please print) 

M emberehlp name fin divl dual or oqp tjlzil Ion) 

Contact pe Ron lotsarilzatlooal members only] 



Phone (_ 


Fil [_ 

Niroe of organization of affiliation (affiliated members only] 


fJl Nonprofit □ Educational institution Q Library 

□ Government □ Cable system Q Other for profit org. 
TYPE OF FACILITY (please check all that apply) 

[~1 Public access Q Education access □ Government access 
Q Local origination f~| Leased access O Other 
DEMOGRAPHICS (individual members only) 
This optional information will help us to better serve current and 
potential members. 

□ Black Q White Q Hispanic □ Asian or Pacific blander 

i I Native American D Other D Female Q Male 

Mail check or money order payable to the Alliance for Community 
Media, 666 11th Street, N.W,Suite 806, Washington, D.C 20001-4542. 

OMR • 23 


Alliance for Community Media 

666 11th Street NW, Suite 806 
Washington, DC 20001-4542 
202/393-2650 voice 
202/393-2653 fax/jobline 
217/359-9118 bbs 

Alliance for Communications Democracy 


124 E. Broadway 

Tucson, AZ 85701 

602/624-9833 voice 

602/792-2565 fax 

73441.1022® Compuserve, col 

Association of Independent 
Video & Filmmakers 

625 Broadway, 9th Floor 
New York, NY 10012 
212/473-3400 voice 
212/677-8732 fax 

World Association of Community 
Radio Broadcasters 

3575 Boul. St. Laurent, #704 
Montreal, Quebec 
514/982-0351 voice 
514/849-7129 fax 

The Benton Foundation 

1634 1 Street NW, 12th Floor 
Washington, DC 20006 
202/638-5770 voice 
202/638-5771 fax 

Center for Civic Networking 

c/o Center for Policy Alternatives 
1875 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 710 
Washington, DC 20009 
202/387-6030 voice 
202/986-2539 fax not profiled 

Center for Media Education 

1511 K Street NW, Suite 518 
Washington, DC 20005 
202/628-2620 voice 
202/628-2554 fax 

Center for Media Literacy 

1962 S. Shenandoah St. 
Los Angeles, CA 90034 
310/559-2944 voice 
310/559-9396 fax 
800/226-9494 membership/orders 

Computer Professionals 
for Social Responsibility 

PO Box 717 

Palo Alto ,CA 94302 -07 17 
415/322-3778 voice 
415/322-4748 fax 

24 • CMR 

Deep Dish TV 

339 Lafayette St. 
New York, NY 10012 
212/473-8933 voice 
212/420-8223 fax 

Electronic Frontier Foundation 

1001 G Street NW, Suite 950E 
Washington, DC 20001 
202/347-5400 voice 
202/393-5509 fax internet 

Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting 

130 W. 25th St. 
New York, NY 10001 
212/633-6700 voice 
212/727-7668 fax 

Independent Television Service 

190 Fifth Street East, Suite 200 
St. Paul, MN 55101 
612/225-9035 voice 

The John D. and Catherine T. 
MacArthur Foundation 

140 S. Dearborn St., Suite 1100 
Chicago, IL 60603 
312/726-8000 voice 

Media Alliance 

356 W. 58th St. 
New York, NY 10026 
212/560-2919 voice 
212/560-6866 fax 

Media Democracy in Action 

Temporary Address 
c/o NAMAC 

655 13th Street, Suite 201 
Oakland, CA 94612 
510/451-2717 voice 
510/451-2715 fax 

Media Network 

39 W. 14th Street #403 
New York, NY 10011 
212/929-2663 voice 
212/929-2732 fax 

Media Working Group, Inc. 

816 Greer Ave. 
Covington, KY41011 
606/581-0033 voice 
606/581-0009 fax 

National Alliance for 
Media Arts & Culture 

655 -13th Street 
Oakland, CA 94612 
510/451-2717 voice 
510/451-2715 fax 

National Association 
of Telecommunications 
Officers & Advisors 

An affiliate of the National League of Cities 
1301 Pennsylvania Ave., NW 
Washington, DC 20004 
202/626-3160 voice 
202/626-3103 fax 

National Federation of 
Community Broadcasters 

666 11th St. NW, Suite 805 
Washington, DC 20001 
202/393-2355 voice 

National Telecommunications 
& Information Administration 

U.S. Department of Commerce, Room 4898 

Washington, DC 20230 

202/482-1551 voice 

202/482-1635 fax 

National Telemedia Council, Inc. 

120 Last Wilson St. 
Madison, WI 53703 
608/257-7712 voice 
608/257-7714 fax 

Paper Tiger Television 

339 Lafayette Street 
New York, NY 10012 
212/420-9045 voice 

Union for Democratic 

Department of Communication 
DePaul University 
Chicago, IL 60614 
312/362-5434 voice 
312/362-5811 fax 


3680 rue Jeanne-Mance, bureau 430 
Montreal, Quebec 
H2X2K5 Canada 
514/982-6660 voice 
514/982-6122 fax 


Comprehensive Book on Community 
Television in the United States 

Community Television in the United 
States, A Sourcebook on Public, 
Educational, and Governmental Accesshas 
just been released by Greenwood Publishing 
Group. The 280 page hardcover is by far the 
most comprehensive investigation of 
Community Television undertaken to date. 
Author Linda K. Fuller is an Assistant Professor 
in the Media Department of Worcester (Mass.) 
State College and a board member of her local 
Cable TV Commission. The book is dedicated 
to a friend of Ms. Fullers and, "...all 
the thousands of other volunteer 
activists working toward video 
democracy..." Community 
Television in the United States 
(CTUS) is an exhaustive source 
book chucked full of theory, facts, 
citations, illustrations, and 
appendixes. To say Ms. Fuller, "did 
her homework" is an understate- 
ment. Chapter headings include the 
following: I. Considerations on the 
Promises and Problems of 
Community Television 2. Related 
Organizations and Individuals 3. 
Programming 4. Production and Producers 5. 
Examples of Community Television 6. 
Implications and Predications. 

The flavor of CTUS is set in the opening 
acknowledgments. "Throughout its nearly 
quarter- century existence in the United 
States, community television has had a num- 
ber of loyal proponents and practitioners. 
More than 150 pioneer advocates and 
activists for grassroots media contributed to 
this book, many of whom are included here 
(listed below) Like its subject, this compila- 
tion is of the people, by the people, and for 
the people." Leslyou think this book is a 
propaganda tool for the industry, the author 
states on page one, "Although the potential 
for public, educational and governmental 
access has been vigorously addressed and 
advocated by a number of individuals and 
groups, its understanding and utilization at a 
wider level of our society have been seriously 
deficient. This book proposes to fill that gap. 
...It defines different types of community 
television, examines the intrinsic promises 
and problems of the system, reviews the liter- 
ature on this subject, and discusses both PEG 
access and other forms of community televi- 
sion from six perspectives: physical/technical 
characteristics, history, legal aspects, eco- 
nomic-political factors, social concerns, and 

The book aims to 
encourage a move- 
ment such as we 
have not witnessed 
since the 1960s, 
mobilizing the 
public toward 
actions and advo- 
cacy regarding its 
media rights and 

I've had the book in my possession for less 
than 24 hours so far and 4 of those have been 
spent hopping around from chapter to 
appendix to glossary. This is not light read- 
ing, but it also avoids the academic term 
paper feel. Ms. Fuller spices up her own 
opinions with thousands of salient refer- 
ences, examples and citations. This book is a 
must have for access stations, boards and 
advocates. It is laid out perfectly for applica- 
tion as the text in a college classroom. It can 
have a solid effect in legitimizing the move- 
ment and solidifying our history. 

One of the few gaps I've discovered to date 
is the lack of much reference to how the com- 
mercial media has treated PEG access. 

Absent are the scathing reports 
about access made by major net- 
works, tabloid video shows, main- 
stream press and weekly 
magazines. Unfortunately I fear 
this virtually wholesale trashing of 
PEG access has and will continue 
to have a profound effect on the 
public opinion formed around the 
movement. Maybe more books 
like this can diffuse the notion. 

The book ends with "Future 
Considerations". Ms. Fuller wraps 
it up this way, "This study is a step 
in the direction of researching the role of 
media utilization in a society dominated by 
its communications technologies; it is time 
that we as citizens take control, whether as 
consumers or as owners/ operators as well, 
the book aims to encourage a movement 
such as we have not witnessed since the 
1960s, mobilizing the public toward actions 
and advocacy regarding its media rights and 
responsibilities. It seems only appropriate to 
end with a quotation by George Stoney: 
"Without doubt the most important social 
phenomenon of the latter part of the 20th 
century has been the enfranchisement of 
blacks, brought into being by the civil rights 
movement. When the idea of access is fully 
implemented, when it is carried beyond cable 
to all electronic media as I am confident it 
will be one day, this movement that is 
absorbing so much of our energies and con- 
cern today, will be seen as one every bit as 
important for the welfare of all Americans as 
was civil rights." 
Let's hope so. Power to the People. 

- Dirk Honing 
Community Television in the United States, 
A Sourcebook on Public, Educational, and 
Governmental Access is available through 
Greenwood Publishing Group, 88 Post Road West, 
PO Box 5007, Westport, CT 06881 -5007, Phone 203 
228 35 71 Price $65 ISBN: o-31 3-28601 -.9, 

Fear and Loathing at NAB 
with Erik Moll berg 

Twisted times in Greedhead City... For 
whom the peacock screams. ..the 
Yanomamo and Sony.. .scams as chicanery 
for all... It's your fault, Dirk... 

I have a real mean streak in me. This espe- 
cially manifests itself on airplanes. I do not 
know if it's the food, being herded in a seat 
that would only fit Briar Rabbit or merely the 
insipid voice of the pilot as he calmly explains 
that we will be sitting on the tarmac for the 
next two hours because the engine won't 

So naturally, I could not help turning to the 
woman next to me whose head was bowed in 
prayer. I said something like "You know, 
some people think that the only reason 
planes can fly in the first place is because 
everyone on the plane believes in the illusion. 

Gezart! Was that the engine exploding or 
just the ice in my scotch? No matter, a few 
more rounds and my tolerance to any hyste- 
ria or emergency will quickly be deluded 
(dilaudad?) into a giggling mass of maniacal 

I am here because I was asked by CMR, 
Community Media Review, to write an article 
on NAB, the National Association of 
Broadcasters equipment show in Las Vegas. 
The only reason they gave me the assignment 
was based merely on the fact that I was going 
anyway, if for no other good reason than I 
had planned to attend. I was looking for pos- 
sible equipment purchases for Channel 10, 
the station that I work for in Fort Wayne 
Indiana. The only tolerable part of this expe- 
dition was that 1 would be staying with 
friends, Tim and Charlotte, instead of a hotel. 

Tim picks me up from the airport in a red 
Ford station wagon. Slot machines are within 
the gamblers grasp when you leave the air- 
plane, There is not even enough time to 
stumble into the arms of the sisters of mercy 
before you are thrust on your knees in front 
of the god of gluttony. Ross Perot comes to 
mind when he said "You will hear a giant 
sucking sound..." 

We whirl through the city as Tim points out 
to me all that glitters is not pure electricity. 
My eyes, glazed over from the lack of sleep, 
are jarred into frantic shock. Washington 
D.C. is not as lit up at Christmas time as this 
place. Only one percent of Las Vegas electric- 
ity comes from the Hoover Dam. The rest is 
from coal burning furnaces that are plunked 
down like so many corn seeds. When Las 
Vegas needs more power.. .Zap! Another coal 
burning furnace. Allfor the sake of the scam. 

continued next page 
CMR • 25 


The morning after my arrival brought no 
relief. I had made my way to NAB, hoping 
for some release and maybe a little may- 
hem, The entrance line to the show 
stretched for at least three 
blocks. two different directions. I 
walked up to some very official 
looking people and asked if I 
needed to stand in line since I 
was pre-registered. They informed 
me that I had to indeed. Now mind 
you, I have hated lines since my 
college days and I know for a fact 
that most lines are unnecessary. It 
is merely a matter of finding one's 
place in the scheme of things. I waited 
for ten minutes with the other fools and fod- 
der were.. .then I made my move. 

Ah, sweep to the left.. .cross the swaggering 
line of suits... pause... pry open the nearest 
door... walk calmly into a large group of peo- 
ple. Now a swift right to the registration table 
and hand over my credentials. The man 
smiles and gives me my name badge along 
with a magnetic card. Good, none of this 
nonsense of carrying large packets of useless 
information around for days. They can mail it 
back to me when I return. Why is this so easy? 
What are these fool's doing standing in line? 
Ah yes, the sheep to the slaughter. 

Now for a cup of cappuccino, a quick 
smoke and into the fray. 

Video equipment gives one pause, if only 
because of the low level doses of radiation. 
Frankly, I avoid malls like the plague. There is 
too much visual stimulation for the eyes to 
handle. You see tourists and consumers 
clamoring for the best buys. Of which there 
really are none. Equipment shows are exactly 
like malls. NAB is nothing more than a cluster 
fuck for video fiends. Grab what free goodies 
can be had, talk with glib salespeople about 
their product or service. ..promise them that 
you will consider a purchase... then grab a few 
more free items and hope you can get away 
without giving up your identity. Remember, 
this is the information age and too many cor- 
porations want your inseam for their records. 

Sex sells at NAB. Who am I kidding, sex sells 
everything. You see it in magazines, commer- 
cials and especially at video equipment 
shows, but even I have seen nothing like this. 
Elaborate sets, colorful beyond belief with 10 
cameras pointing at women dressed as girls. 
In some cases I wondered if these women 
were of the age of consent. Camera operators 
are a vulgar lot, some of the most deviate 
characters I have had the perverse pleasure 
to have known. Now, these same people and 
their bosses are behind cameras, a multitude 

26 • CMR 

of flac- 
cid 16x1 
lenses pointing, 
grinning and zooming 
in on whatever part can be exposed for the 

Yes, this is the video industry and flash with 
glitz is what moves the makers when they 
cannot move themselves. 

Sony had a new twist, though. They had a 
theater set up and well screened of from all 
the geeks-a-gawking. A plenitude of monitors 
were arranged in a tropical rain forest setting. 
I mean, the air was moist, humid, numerous 
trees with the sounds of birds and running 
water. The presentation started out with a 
video of various rain forest scenes and how 
important it was to man and necessary for all 
life on the planet. This is great, I thought, a 
large corporation taking an environmental 
stance like this in such a landraper setting. 
This could lead to all sorts of spin-offs at the 
convention if Sony has the balls for the follow 

Suddenly the discussion on the screen 
turned from the diversity of life to the diver- 
sity of technology. What, where did that come 
from? Did someone stick some Mr. Natural in 
my coffee? Is this the beginning of the acid 
flashbacks all those doctors warned me of? 

No, more jabbering about Sony keeping up 
with "technodiversity". Did I really hear that? 
The next 7 minutes dealt entirely on the sub- 
ject of Sony's wonderful reputation in video 
adaptation. Yes, throw the buggers out of the 
jungle of Manhattan and into Brazil's jungle. 
Let's see them survive using their technodi- 
versity on the Yanomamo tribe of South 
America. Indeed, the sight of Sony Corporate 
heads (better still, John Malone's) hanging as 
totems from spears and huts. Suits running 
pell mell through the copious forests, 
screaming for mercy as another warrior 
skewers a red power tied partner. Falling, 
wailing and howling like a pig at a midwest- 

ern picnic. Another suit behind a tree, lips 
quivering as they truss up the carcass of his 
friend. It brings a tear to my eyes. Yes, it 
warms the hearts of many I know who shall 
remain unnamed. You know who you are. 

By the next day I am ready. I have had a 
belly full of vendors and with the proper 
dosage of caffeine I feel confidant to face 
them again. Besides, I was kept up all night 
by the neighbor's peacock. There is always 
one twisted chap who has to harbor this 
kind of creature. Peacocks scream. 
Loudly. The bastard kept me awake last 

Of course, there is always someone 
there who will open themselves to an adver- 
sary of my type. Sure enough, I find mysel f at 
the AT&T booth displaying their own per- 
verse version of video compression. 500 
channels of video pay-per-view, banking 
from your home, shopping networks for the 
lame. Almost any kind of kink that the mar- 
keting boys could think of. Ah yes, a pretty 
blonde talking about wonders of AT&T to fat 
foreign dignitaries. AT&T brings good things 
to life. After a brief display of more senseless 
garbage, I managed to corner one hapless 
ignorant representative left standing for my 
enjoyment. "This is wonderful stuff' I said 
"But everything you are showing me is down- 
stream. I want to see a demonstration of your 
upstream capabilities that are currently 
under research and development." He looks 
puzzled and says "Uh, well sir, I cannot show 
you that." I fix a gleam on him. "Why not, 
isn't there a quaint booth that displays that?" 
The stammering continues, "No sir, that type 
of equipment is simply too expensive and we 
at AT&T are not considering it as a viable ser- 
vice at this time. The cost is too prohibitive so 
we are not looking into it." Let's see how far 
this can go I thought. "Certainly you have 
some kind of plan, I mean, with all this hard- 
ware coming in the programming has to go 
out somewhere. How are you going to be 
interactive? How can the people communi- 
cate their ideas?" He brightened at this, "Oh, 
well, they could always use the videophone to 
talk to each other." 

Ah me. I have to do it. I will not let the little 
bugger off without a dose of paranoia. 
"What!?! I scream. "You mean to tell me that 
you will take control of the public right of 
ways, public airwaves and the Nil without 
allowing the people an opportunity to partici- 
pate? God's man, what kind of fiendish plot 
have you sprung? Are you going to stand 
there and honestly admit to stealing candy 
from die mouths of babes, force cheap jew- 
elry on housewives and wrestle the remote 
control from millions of your fellow 

Navigating the Information Superhighway 

Americans. You mean you will not even give 
them the benefit of dribbling a few silver 
coins into their purse before you kick them? 
Have you gone mad?" 

What else could I have expected from a 
salesman? I had just read an article in 
Multichannel News with a Baby Bell operator 
saying that cable TV sees video programming 
as Wayne's World. This kind of thought pro- 
cess lets you into the mind of what the telcos 
have in store for the community. You have no 
worth other than to fill their pockets. Yea, 1 
say unto you, you must organize against 
them. The truth is not within them. If you 
don't stop these slime now you will be like 
pigs in the wilderness. Lost and someone 
else's meal. 

After that episode, there was no fun to be 
had except in a botde of Wild Turkey and 
blathering at vendors who could only stare at 
the strange zealot spouting off about freeing 
the masses. In the final analysis, the vendor 
giveaways were cheap and the video equip- 
ment was beyond the price of most access 
facilities. All I could do was get drunk, 
depressed and poke fun at anyone. Vendors 
received no mercy, they were only carnival 
barkers. Yes, the glow of Vegas became dim 
for me as my bloodshot eyes grew wide with 
demon alcohol. All I could do was curse that 
Dutch Zuni from Grand Rapids Michigan 
who sent me to this wretched land in the first 
place. Well, I hope you are satisfied. Selah. 

Erik Mollberg is Public Access Coordinator 
at Channel 10, Allen County Public Library, 
900 Webster St., Fort Wayne, IN 46801 -2270. 
Telephone 21 9/424- 7241 . Pax 219/422-9688, 

Office of Technology Assessment 
Charts a Case for Government 

Lawmakers and businessmen at the turn of 
the century reacted only after new tech- 
nologies had restructured their society. 
However, citizens today have an opportunity 
to comprehend and prepare for the radical 
changes taking place as the concept of a 
National Information Infrastructure (Nil) 
moves from vision to reality, says the con- 
gressional Office of Technology Assessment 

The Clinton Administration announced in 
September 1993 an initiative to promote the 
development of Nil ... "that would create a 
seamless web of communications networks, 
computers, databases, and consumer elec- 
tronics that wilt put vast amounts of informa- 
tion at users' fingertips. ...[That] can help 
unleash an information revolution that will 
change forever the way people live, work, and 
interact with each other." 

The initiative relies on the private sector to 
innovate and aggressively pursue the deploy- 
ment of diese technologies. But certain prob- 
lems in the deployment of the Nil will persist 
that only the government can address, says 

In testimony before the House Committee 
on Science, Space, and Technology, OTA 
released the findings of its Report Electronic 
Enterprises: Looking to the Future. In the 
Report, OTA takes a strategic look at the 
development of electronic commerce, and 
oudines the characteristics of the infrastruc- 
ture that must support it. 

To support U.S. businesses and to ensure a 
competitive economic playing field, the 
information infrastructure will need to be 
flexible and open, seamless and interopera- 
ble and evenly and broadly deployed, says 
OTA. The Report lays out a number of gov- 
ernment strategies to promote a network 
architecture that meets these requirements. 

The US is in the midst of a transition cre- 
ated in part by advances in communication 
and information technologies. These devel- 
opments are radically altering the US econ- 
omy and changing the way that business is 
conducted. Markets are expanding globally; 
business organizations are streamlining; 
what we normally think of as a firm is becom- 
ing blurred; some worker skills are becoming 
obsolete requiring worker retraining; and 
production is being carried out "just-in-time" 
on a flexible schedule, rather than being 
mass-produced. These changes are funda- 
mental and far-reaching. 

OTA emphasizes that in an electronically 
networked economy, the design and underly- 
ing architecture of the global information 

infrastructure will have a major impact on 
national economic growth and development. 
If American businesses are to benefit fully 
from electronic commerce, says OTA, not 
only technology but also social and economic 
factors that govern the use of networking 
technologies need adequate attention in 
designing infrastructure policy. 

To address these factors, the government 
will need to look beyond the traditional role 
of "regulator," and consider the full range of 
strategies that it might pursue, says OTA. In 
its other various roles as broker, promoter, 
educator, and institution- builder, the govern- 
ment must establish the rules of the game 
and the incentive structure that will help 
determine private sector choices. As regula- 
tor, government will need to ensure that elec- 
tronic markts are evenly deployed, open, and 
accessible on an equitable basis. 

Whether in work relationships within a 
firm, competition in the marketplace, or trad- 
ing relations among nations, having access to 
information and the ability to use it strategi- 
cally will be the keys to success or failure. 
What is different today, OTA points out, is the 
extent to which knowledge is now embedded 
in information and communication tech- 
nologies. As a result, choices about the 
design, architecture and structure, or the 
rules and regulations of network technologies 
will be irreversible in the short- to medium- 
term. Requesters for the study are the Senate 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation, and the House Committee 
on Science, Space, and Technology. 

Copies of the 190-page Report Electronic 

continued next page 

CMR • 27 

Executive Director 

Somerville Community 
Access Television 

Seeking director for non-profit public 
access center, founded in 1983, in 
greater Boston area. SCAT provides 
training and equipment to an active 
diverse membership, 60 hours/week of 
programming, collaborative projects 
with community organizations, and train- 
ing programs for youth. Annual budget: 
approx. $300,000; 7 full- and part-time 
staff plus consultants. 

Qualifications include: • commitment to 
access and relevant mission • strong 
management, financial, and planning 
skills • strong negotiation, intercultural 
and interpersonal skills • familiarity with 
television equipment and interest in 
emerging technologies • grantwriting 
experience. Bilingual/bicultural a plus. 
Previous non-profit leadership preferred. 
Send resume and 3 professional refer- 
ences by Aug. 3 to Search Committee 
SCAT, 90 Union Sq., Somerville, MA 
02143. Phone (617) 628-8826. 


/~\ £able 
f \ Access 

Executive Director 

Lead/manage operation of non- 
profit, community TV center. Long- 
range planning, development of 
programs/services, contract negotia- 
tions, fund-raising, outreach, liaison 
with city officials. Requires 5 years 
management experience and knowl- 
edge of operational planning and 
financial management. Prefer experi- 
ence in non-commercial TV and 
fund-raising. BA or advance degree. 
Salary + benefits DOQ. Send cover 
letter, resume and 3 professional 
references by 8/1/94 to: 

Cable Access St. Paul 
213 East Fourth Street 
St. Paul, MN 55101 
CASP is an EOE. Women and 
minorities encouraged to apply. 

Office of Technology Assessment 
Charts a Case for Government 

continued from previous page 

The Alliance for Community Media 

Central States Region 

1994 Fall Conference 

October 20-22 • Hilton West in Akron, Ohio 

"Building a Better Tomorrow" 

Hosted by Wadsworth Community Television 

Workshops • Speakers • Vendors 
New Equipment • Networking 
1994 Philo Awards on October 21 

Call WGTV at (21 6) 336-7919 
for more information 

Hope to See You There!! 

Enterprises: Looking to the Future are avail- 
able from the Superintendent of 
Documents, U.S. Government Printing 
Office, and from the National Technical 
Information Service. To inquire about avail- 
ability, call OTA at 202/ 224-8996 or email For copies for con- 
gressional use, please call 202/ 224-9241. A 
4-page summary and testimony delivered at 
the hearing are available electronically. The 
Report is available electronically. To down- 
load via ftp from OTA, use the following 
procedures: ftp to 
(152.63.20. 13). Login as anonymous. 
Password is your email address. File is in 
the directory /pub/elenter. 

OTA is a nonpartisan analytical agency 
that serves the U.S Congress. Its purpose is 
to aid Congress in the complex and often 
highly technical issues that increasingly 
affect our society. 

Let Them Know 
Your Views 

that deal with telecommunications issues are: 

The House of Representatives: Energy 
and Commerce Committee 

John Dingell, Chair 
Room 2125 Rayhurn House Office Bldg., 
Washington, DC 20515-6115 
(202) 225-2927 

The House Subcommittee on 
Telecommunications and Finance 

Edward J. Markey, Chairman 
316 Ford House Office Bldg., 
Washington DC 20515 
(202) 226-2424 

The Senate Commerce, Science 
and Transportation Committee 

Ernest J. Boilings, Chair 
Room SDOB-508 Washington DC 20515 
(202) 224-5115 

The Senate Communications 

Daniel Inouye, Chair 
SHOB-227, Washington DC 20515 
(202) 224-9340 

28 • CMR 



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Voting Members: Chicaso Access Corporation, Illinois • Montgomery Community Television, Inc., Maryland • Staten Islard Television, New York • Boston Community 
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